The importance of phonics
Word-reading is one of the essential dimensions of reading; the other is comprehension. Skilled word-reading involves working out the pronunciation of unfamiliar printed words (decoding) and recognising familiar printed words. Underpinning both of these is the understanding that letters represent the sounds in spoken words. Fluent decoding supports pupils’ comprehension, because they don’t have to devote mental energy to individual words. A good grasp of phonics is also important for spelling, contributing to fluency and confidence in writing. (DfE 2012)
Phonics is the method of teaching reading and writing by correlating sounds with letters or groups of letters. There are 44 sounds in the English language which we put together to form words. Some sounds are represented by one letter like the ‘t’ in tin, whilst other sounds are represented by two or more letters like ‘ck’ in duck.
Children are taught the sounds, how to match them to letters and finally how to use the letter sounds for reading and spelling.
Letters and Sounds
The scheme used at Godinton to teach phonics is called ‘Letters and Sounds’. This was produced by the Department for Education in 2007. It sets out a detailed and synthetic programme for teaching phonic skills and consists of 6 overlapping phases.
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